Relevant reports on Russian hybrid warfare, propaganda and networks from various think tanks and government organizations.


Atlantic Council:

The Kremlin’s Trojan Horses,” by Alina Polyakova, Marlene Laruelle, Stefan Meister, and Neil Barnett (2016).


Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University:

Artificial Intelligence and National Security,” by Gregory C. Allen + Taniel Chan, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (2018).


Data and Society:

Media Manipulation and Disinformation Online,” by Alice Marwick and Rebecca Lewis (2017).


Defense Intelligence Agency:

Russia Military Power,” (2017).


European Council on Foreign Relations:

Crimintern: How the Kremlin Uses Russia’s Criminal Networks in Europe,” by Mark Galeotti (2017).


NATO Defense College:

Handbook of Russian Information Warfare,” by Keir Giles (2016).


NATO Stratcom Center of Excellence:

Redefining Euro-Atlantic Values: Russia’s Manipulative Techniques,” (2017).


RAND Corporation:

European Relations with Russia: Threat Perceptions, Responses, and Strategies in the Wake of the Ukrainian Crisis,” by Stephanie Pezard, Andrew Radin, Thomas S. Szayna, and F. Stephen Larrabee (2017).

Hybrid Warfare in the Baltics: Threats and Potential Responses,” by Andrew Radin (2017).

Russia and the West After the Ukrainian Crisis,” by F. Stephen Larrabee, Stephanie Pezard, Andrew Radin, Nathan Chandler, Keith Crane and Thomas S. Szayna (2017).

Security and Privacy in Computer Systems,” by Willis H. Ware (1967).

Understanding Russian ‘Hybrid Warfare,” by Christopher S. Chivvis (2017).